It is extremely important to look after your gums by practising good oral hygiene. If you neglect your gums, you will more than likely end up with gum disease.
What is Gum Disease?
Gum Disease is inflammation of the gums and is very common amongst adults but not so common in children. If your gums bleed when you brush your teeth it is probably due to gum disease. This is an early stage of gum disease, also known as gingivitis. If the problem is not addressed this will progress into periodontitis which affects the tissues which hold the teeth in place. Allowed to continue further the bone in your jaw will also be affected and you may find you eventually start to lose your teeth.
You may have an increased risk of gum disease if you have diabetes or if you smoke
What are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Early Symptoms (Gingivitis)
- Red swollen gums
- Your gums will bleed after brushing and/or flossing
Advanced Symptoms (Periodontitis)
- Bad breath
- Bad taste in your mouth
- Loose teeth
- Gum abscesses
Acute Necrotising Ulcerative Gingivitis
On rare occasions, ANUG can develop which gives more severe symptoms including:
- Bleeding and painful gums
- Ulcers in the mouth
- Bad breath
- Receding gums
- Excess saliva
- High temperature
- Having trouble talking or swallowing
What Causes Gum Disease?
Plaque is the main cause of gum disease. Plaque is a sticky substance that contains bacteria, both good and bad. If this plaque is not removed from your teeth, it builds up and irritates your gums, which leads to early stage gum disease.
How Can I Prevent Gum Disease?
- Maintain a good level of oral care. Brush your teeth AT LEAST twice a day and floss as often as possible.
- Have frequent check up’s with your Dentist and visit the Dental Hygienist as often as you can afford.
- If you already have gum disease, you MUST see your Dentist as soon as possible for treatment and advice.